CERA DE CANDELILLA PDF

Candelilla Plant | El Instituto de la Candelilla es una organización que integra los de la cadena de valor en la producción de la cera de Candelilla Mexicana. Download scientific diagram | Cera de candelilla en diferentes presentaciones. Figure 2. Different presentations of candelilla wax. from publication: Pasado. PRONAMEX Productos Naturales de México Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax . En México.

Author: Najas Sagal
Country: Peru
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Video
Published (Last): 27 April 2013
Pages: 160
PDF File Size: 6.70 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.55 Mb
ISBN: 434-9-71590-355-7
Downloads: 73709
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Grogis

The plants are then brought to collection centers where the process for extracting the wax is carried out. Pickup trucks are also sometimes used.

Candelilla Plant

Each burro can typically carry from kg lb. Harvesters travel by burros or by truck to the areas where the Candelilla plant is to cndelilla found in abundance.

Using this technique, wax from the Candelilla plant floats to the surface in the form candelllla foam. In order to refine the wax it must again be broken up, melted and filtered through Fuller earth, activated carbon or some other filtration system. In the intermediate part of the vessel, just on top of the aqueous phase, a fine layer of yellow-colored cream is formed.

Some of these producers complement their income by gathering other plant species native to the desert, or by agriculture, raising cattle and even mining.

Normally, the Candelilla plant is pulled out by hand from the roots, although occasionally a sharpened stick may be used to facilitate digging out the plant.

Bundles of kg lb of cleaned Candelilla plants free of dirt, stones, weeds, etc. The plants root is relatively small, although a plant of moderate size can develop more than stalks of a grayish-green color, with typical dimensions of cm in long and 0.

  DUCHY ASKALONU PDF

This is evidenced by the low yields and high costs in producing the wax. Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax. It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent.

PRONAMEX Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax

It is mostly used mixed with other waxes to harden them without raising their melting point. The method used for the exploitation and distribution of the Candelilla plant is very rudimentary. In the top part of the vessel, a third layer is formed which consists of a paste comprised of ashes, bubbles and solid impurities.

In this way, about tons are produced annually. The exploitation of Candelilla in its natural state for the production of wax thus became one of the most important economic activities, in those rural regions where the Candelilla plant grows. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Manufacturing The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla ceera for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.

candelillz

The plants, scalded by the boiling process, are used as fuel for the cauldrons, once they have been put out to by sun-dried. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat During the rainy season the Candelilla plant becomes covered with small pink-colored flowers.

The plant normally grows in semi-desert regions, principally on lime soil slopes or hillsides associated with formations of rocky material. During the rainy season, the Candelilla stalks become covered with a thick sap, which then covers the stalks with wax during the dry season to prevent evaporation.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The high hydrocarbon content distinguishes this wax from carnauba wax. Even in times of severe draught the Candelilla protective mechanism cxndelilla proven to be effective.

  IVO ANDRIC TRAVNICKA HRONIKA PDF

Candelilla wax

Unfortunately, the manufacturing of Candelilla wax is still carried out using old and inefficient techniques which remain virtually unchanged since this activity first began. One of its major uses is as a binder for chewing gums. They generally take more than five days to harvest the plants and work becomes more complicated when the plants are located on other ranches or private property.

Altitude of the region Collection, extraction and refining processes.

Art materials Food additives Painting materials Waxes E-number additives. Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphiliticafrom the family Euphorbiaceae. It also finds use in cosmetic industry, as a component of lip balms and lotion bars. A czndelilla classification of the Candelilla was presented in by G.

The sulfuric acid prevents the formation of an emulsion between the wax and water, which could occur due to the turbulence created by the boiling process. Today, the Candelilla plant is considered useful in the treatment of a variety of illnesses. Candelilla formations are most abundant at elevations of around m ft and are commonly associated with growths of such plants as lechuguilla or prickly lettuce, sotol palm, Chinese grass, ocotillo and diverse cactus plants.

The batch of Candelilla candelil,a in acid-water is heated over a direct fire until the solution comes to a boil, at which time the wax is separated from the plant and fuses with the liquid.