Book VIII. To Serenus. On Leisure with great accord commend to us the vices. Although we attempt nothing else that would be beneficial, nevertheless. Also known as Seneca the Younger; Roman stoic philosopher, statesman, Of Leisure (De Otio) ยท Of Peace of Mind (De Tranquillitate Animi). Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics: Seneca: De otio; De brevitate vitae by Seneca, , available at Book Depository with free delivery.

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It survives in a fragmentary state.

De Otio; de Brevitate Vitae

The work concerns the rational use of spare time, whereby one can still actively aid humankind by engaging in wider questions about nature and the universe. No absolute certainty about the date of writing is possible, but since the aeneca of the work parallel Seneca’s own withdrawal into private life near the end of his life it is thought by a majority of critics to have been written around 62 AD or shortly after.

Otio is from otiumthis literally translates as leisure, vacant time, freedom from business. De Otio survives only in fragmentary form. The manuscript text begins mid-sentence, and ends rather abruptly.



The addressee has been erased but appears to have been seven letters long and is assumed to have seeneca Seneca’s friend Serenus. Seneca understood the word otio to represent something more than absolute free-time. He understood it to mean leisure used in service to the community by intellectual senca In De Otio Seneca debates the appropriate life for a Stoic philosopher. Seneca reports the standard position of the school that wise people will engage in public affairs, unless something prevents them.

Seneca lists some arguments against engaging in public life such as if the state is too corrupt, or if the wise person’s influence is too limited, or if they are ill.

SENECA THE YOUNGER, De Otio | Loeb Classical Library

Seneca then shows that private life otium far from being a life of listless retirement can be active from a Stoic point of view. The wise person can choose to engage with the wider universe: The superior position the sage ho sophos inhabits of detachment from earthly terena concerns, and an according freedom from possibile future events of detrimental nature, is a unifying theme of the dialogue.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. De Otio From the edition, published by Francesco Baba.

Its position, appended to the end of De Vita Beatareflects the manuscript tradition. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. The Cambridge Companion to Seneca. Otil and Political Essays.

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Translated by J Solodow 4 Nov Bett was source of term ho sophos. Stoicism categories logic passions physics Neostoicism.

Letters to Lucilius Essays: Retrieved from ” https: Philosophical works by Seneca the Younger. Views Read Edit View history. Languages Deutsch Italiano Latina Edit links.

This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From the edition, sencea by Francesco Baba.