Esther Boserup. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: a seminal theory of population to rival Malthus in. Issue Analysis Essay – Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup Issues in Population Geography University of Toronto – Nicolette Ramcharan Thomas Malthus’ Essay . work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and.

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This questions class in connection to the environment. The traditional view of scarcity assumes that there is only a certain amount of a resource and once it runs out we are prone to starvation.

According to Malthusian theorythe size and growth of the population depends on the food supply and agricultural methods. The Impact of Scarcity and Plenty on Development.

In the Malthusian view, when food is not sufficient for everyone, the excess population will die. At some point, the population may get so huge that they can’t be fed no matter how inventive they are.

This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and its relevance to developing regions, in particular to sub-Saharan Africa. In connection, Thomas Malthus was turning a blind eye on how people populatioon manipulate the systems.

Ester Boserup’s theory of agrarian change: a critical review.

In contrast Ester Boserup holds a completely opposite belief that a rise in population would lead to an increase in food production Boserup, Indeed to feed more mouths people have to dig deeper into the environment, to divert more biological productivity estet themselves, to demand more from the soil, to use more water, more fertiliser etc.

In addition, the law of bserup returns depicts that increased populations would intensify the pressure of farming more intensively while developing poorer land and agriculture which would lead to subordinate harvests Malthus, There are various flaws in his arguments and theories for ttheory Thomas Malthus was silent on men, only explaining that women are the ones who keep giving birth.

This means that when over cultivation occurs it will result in the destruction of soil and poor yields. Remember me on this computer.


She was the only daughter of a Danish engineer, who died when she was two years old. By Nicolette Ramcharan – University of Toronto Emigration or the control of numbers may relieve population pressure.

Ester Boserup – Wikipedia

With high demand this would eventually lead to a decrease in food supply. These changes often induce agricultural innovation, but increase marginal labour cost to the farmer as well.

People must understand and analyze that food will run out. This process of raising production at the cost of more work at lower efficiency is what Boserup describes as ” agricultural intensification “.

He would change the way he farms to make sure that he has enough food to support a larger family.

Malthus vs Boserup | Big Picture

Her first major work, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The theory goes on to explain that it was a necessity that nature demolish the poor over various checks such as pestilence, war and famine in efforts to balance and align the aspects of population and food growth.

Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 14 2 Assuming population growth as a change mechanism can lead to important new conclusions regarding the nature of agrarian change in boserupp European history. An Essay on the Principle of Population. In the face of this new mandate for research on population, environment and development dynamcs, theoretical frameworks are limited.

Ester had married Mogens Boserup when both were twenty-one; the young couple lived on his allowance from his well-off family during their remaining university years.

Human existence is limited by access and supply to scarce resources.

The poor would be placed in dangerous situations because they were situated and being born in unclean conditions. The theory of agricultural development oppulation by Boserup is more subtle and complex than that of any of her predecessors. Numerous studies have shown such methods to be favorable in total workload and also efficiency output versus input.

Ester Boserup

Although Boserup is widely regarded as being anti-Malthusian, both her insights and those of Malthus can be comfortably combined within the same general theoretical framework. Ester Boserup also contributed to the discourse surrounding gender and development practises with her work Woman’s Role in Economic Development.

Please consider upgrading your ewter software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so. As discussions of the positive effect of population growth upon agricutural change have been less common than focus on the negative effects, Ester Boserup’s book, “The Conditions of Agricultural Growth,” and her subsequent work in which it is argued that population growth is the prime cause of agricultural change is of great importance.


Similarities include the fact that they both agree that a rise in population would also increase the demand for food. Under pressure of numbers, with more mouths to feed, people put more labour and more intense effort into feeding themselves, and find ways to get more food production popukation of the land.

Retrieved May 28, People might try to prevent this from happening by having smaller families. OK, so the population is reaching the point when the food supply is reaching exhaustion. However, Boserup argued that in those times of pressure, people will find ways to increase the production of food by increasing workforce, machinery, fertilizers, etc. There are some who argue that Boserup can’t work indefinitely.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. One of those resources is food. Genetic modification of tomatoes makes them bigger than natural. Help Center Find new research papers in: Based on the ideas of Malthus it is portrayed that if the government wanted to put a stop or further reduce the human population, they would enforce negative checks on fertility.

Where did he go wrong? She and Mogens lived in Senegal for a year between andwhile he was leading the UN’s effort to help establish the African Institute for Economic Development and Planning. Malthus says, the extra people have to die. Then, “encouraged by her mother and aware of her limited prospects without a good degree,” [7] she studied economic and agricultural development at the University of Copenhagen fromand obtained her degree in theoretical economics in