Gezer Calendar – Agricultural Almanac. גֶּזֶר לוּחַ. The Gezer calendar is the oldest known Hebrew inscription, it dates from the 10th century BC, therefore, from. The Gezer Calendar of the midth century BC attests to the existence of writing in Israel at an early period, as well as to the strength of the United Monarchy. Gezer Calendar (henceforth: G. C.), by means of comparing it with similar Hebrew expressions in the 0. T. and in the literature of the Judean. Covenanters, as.

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The calendar in its current location. Scholars are divided as to whether the language is Phoenician or Hebrew and whether the script is Phoenician or Proto-Canaanite or paleo-Hebrew. Yahweh and the other deities in ancient Israel. According to some scholars, the calendar was written as a schoolboy exercise in writing. Please stay on topic and provide examples to support your point.

Gezer calendar

The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. This custom was observed throughout Egypt and in the Upper Nile regions. The ancient agricultural calendar that was found in Tel Gezer.

Scholars have speculated that the calendar could be a schoolboy’s memory exercise, the text of a popular folk song or a children’s song.

The calendar is inscribed on a limestone plaque and describes monthly or bi-monthly periods and attributes to each a duty such as harvest, planting, or tending specific crops. A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament: The tablet discovered here is one of the oldest surviving Hebrew texts, written in the ‘paleo-Hebrew’ letters that were the norm in Judah before the Babylonian exile in the 6th century BCE. In excavations carried out in in the city of Gezer, twenty miles west of Jerusalem, Irish archaeologist R.


Roughly translated, the text of the Gezer Calendar reads: JSS7—21; Talmon, in: Macalister of the Palestine Exploration Fund while excavating the ancient Canaanite city of Gezer20 miles west of Jerusalem.

This text also provides key information about the agricultural cycle in ancient Israel. Dahood memorial lecture, By Francis I. An image of a golden cow with a golden sun between czlendar horns was carried out of the chamber in which it stood throughout the year.

BIBLICAL ANTHROPOLOGY: Does the Gezer Calendar Reflect Nilotic Farming Practices?

Holmstedt and Aaron Schade. Writing does not develop and permeate a society overnight.

Holmstedt and Aaron Schade. On the third day the priests led processions to the fields where grain was sowed as a sign of Horus’ rising to life. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Views Read Edit View history. The Horites were devotees of Horus and his mother Hathor who is often shown wearing the crown of cow horns in which the sun is cradled.

Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved from ” https: Experts in ancient epigraphy presume it is the work of a child because of the wide, almost sloppy script. The Gezer Calendar, with its crude script, is dated to the tenth century BC. Whether schoolboy exercise or tax collector’s aid, the Gezer Calendar testifies to the early existence and wide diffusion of writing in Israelite society at least back to the turn of the 1st millennium and probably earlier.

Gezer Calendar |

This page was last edited on 15 Januaryat Kyle; Lundberg, Marilyn J. Some scholars debate the the Calendar is a schoolboy exercise and calejdar it might be a tool for collection of taxes from farmers.

The Gezer calendar is currently displayed at the Museum of the Ancient Orient, a Turkish archaeology museum[10] [11] as is the Siloam inscription and other archaeological artifacts unearthed before World War I. Another possibility is something calednar for the collection of taxes from farmers. Replica of the Gezer Calender in Gezer, Israel.

Post a Comment Your comments are welcome. The calendar was discovered in by R.


The inscription is in Phoenician or paleo-Hebrew script: It is possible that the name indicates the owner of the inscription or its author. The scribe of the calendar is probably “Abijah”, which means “Yah a shortened form of the Tetragrammaton is caldndar father”.

The calendar was dated to the middle 10th century B. This would further strengthen the case for the appearance of writing early among the Israelites, as it suggests that by the middle 10th century the kingdom already possessed a highly literate bureaucracy capable of complex accounting – complex at least relevant to that age.

The Early History of God: The Gezer Calendar is dated by its script to the tenth century B.

Yahweh and the other deities in ancient Israel. Of course texts that were found in an archaeological site, but not in a secure archaeological context present certain problems of exact dating, as with the Gezer Calendar. The Gezer calendar is a small inscribed limestone tablet discovered in by Irish archaeologist R. It is obvious that a document purchased on the antiquities market is suspect.

caledar As mentioned above, the script is something called paleo-Hebrew. The Gezer Calendar is important because it testifies to the veracity of the Biblical narrative on several points. In other words, Israelite society of the early United Monarchy was highly literate.

File:Reproduction of the Gezer calendar.jpg

People placed oil lamps outside their houses and the lamps illumined the darkness throughout the night. Linguistic Studies in Phoenician, ed. Gezer was a Canaanite city for most of its existence; yet in 1 Kings 9: Scholars are divided as to whether the language is Phoenician or Hebrew and whether the script is Phoenician or Proto-Canaanite or paleo-Hebrew.