Title: Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism. Authors: Nakagaki, Toshiyuki; Yamada, Hiroyasu; Tóth, Ágota. Affiliation: AA(Local Spatio-Temporal . The plasmodium of the slime mould Physarum polycephalum is a large amoeba- like cell consisting of a dendritic network of tube-like structures (pseudopodia). Author(s): Toshiyuki Nakagaki (corresponding author) [1, 2]; Hiroyasu Yamada [1, 2, 3]; Ágota Tóth [4] The plasmodium of the slime mould Physarum.

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You can watch the video below to get an idea of how this can work.

Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism

The kit contains a Physarum polycephalum plate culture, agar, petri dishes, and Physarum polycephalum food, which is old-fashioned oatmeal flakes. This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Philcha at English Wikipedia.

It goes into a kind of dry, dormant state, called sclerotium from which it can revive itself if it becomes moist. ArtSkills Trifold with Header. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat Digital camera Lab notebook Disclaimer: Support for Science Buddies provided by:. A computerized matching algorithm suggests the above articles.

Structure of the organism before finding the shortest path. Independent confirmation of results is a common and important practice in science. organiam

For example, you could try printing the maze on the filter paper directly, then coloring in the maze with crayons or other material the Physarum polycephalum will not grow over. Devise other ways of making mazes. Maze-solving by Physarum polycephalum. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms and Conditions of Fair Use. Four hours after the setting of the agar blocks AGthe dead ends of the plasmodium shrink and the pseudopodia explore all possible connections.


Smarter Than Your Average Slime: Showing of extracted citations. Nagakaki and colleagues in Japan have shown that Physarum polycephalum can find the shortest distance through a maze. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way. The goal is to address the question “Does the organism Physarum polycephalum demonstrate qualities that can be termed primitive intelligence?

This video shows how the slime mold Physarum polycephalum can find the shortest distance through a maze. Template of a Physarum polycephalum labyrinth.

What happens if one food source has more food than the others?

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In some countries this may not be legally maoeboid if so: If the Physarum polycephalum organism is chopped up and dropped into a labyrinth a mazethey put themselves back together and start to move.

File:Slime mold solves – Wikimedia Commons

Views View Edit History. See Supplementary Information at the Nature website noted in the Bibliography for an animated versions of 2. Philcha grants anyone the right to use this work for any purposewithout any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law. There are endless discoveries waiting to be found in the field of biology!

Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism.

One of the most interesting things about Physarum polycephalum is that it shows a quality that could be called primitive intelligence. Much more More About the same Less Much less. Beyond basic research, biologists might also apply their research and create new biotechnology. Place food moistened oats on an agar plate in a triangle and inoculate the plate with Physarum polycephalum. Determine the lengths oragnism the food sources for all possible connecting routes. In this plasmodial stage, Physarum polycephalum is a bright yellow glistening mass that can grow to more than a foot across.


This is probably the least understood of mwze-solving five kingdoms of life; the others being animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria.

– Document – Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism

The following other wikis use this file: Ask an Expert The Ask an Expert Forum is intended to be a place where students can go to find answers to science questions that they have been unable to find using other resources. Why don’t cancer cells die? Keep in mind as you evaluate how many materials you will need that you will be running at least six trials of this experiment, and they can be run concurrently.

If the conditions that the lntelligence finds itself in become challenging—for example, the ground becomes dry or food becomes scarce—the plasmodium will begin to shrink and form sporangia. Retrieved from ” https: itnelligence